Michael D. Crapo received a B.A. in Political Science from Brigham Young University, graduating summa cum laude in 1973. He received his J.D. degree from Harvard Law School, cum laude, in 1977. He served as Law Clerk to the Hon. James M. Carter of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Ninth Circuit, from 1977 through 1978. He is a member of the State Bars of California and Idaho. He served in the Idaho State Senate from 1984 through 1992, and was Senate President Pro Tem from 1988 through 1992. He left the firm when he was elected Representative from Idaho's 2nd Congressional District in the U.S. House of Representatives where he served from 1993 to 1998. In 1998, he was elected to the U.S. Senate where he continues to serve as the Senior Senator from the State of Idaho.